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May 21 – 23, 2024
IP2I Lyon
Europe/Paris timezone

Cosmological Measurement of the gravitational constant G using the latest Planck and DESI data releases

May 22, 2024, 3:25 PM
IP2I Lyon

IP2I Lyon


Louis Mirouze


During the last two decades, a large amount of cosmological data with increasing precsion have came up. They contain a wealth of information that goes well beyond the basic cosmological parameters. In particular these datasets allow to make a precise inference of the Gravitational constant G at cosmological scales, complementary to local measurements made on Earth or in the solar system. In this talk, we present updated contraints on G using the recent final Planck data analysis (PR4), along with the Baryon Acoustic Oscillation (BAO) data from DESI. Our analysis demonstrates a one percent measurement of G, consistent with the local CODATA value within one standard deviation. Our analysis also takes into acount a modification of the primordial Helium fraction induced by a variation of G. Finally, we show that our result is robust against several assumptions about the cosmological model (spatial curvature or equation of state of dark energy).

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